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Chapter 4: General Provisions Relating to The Judicature

204.

  1. In this Article, “Court” means the Supreme Court or a High Court.
  2. A Court shall have power to punish any person who,
    1. abuses, interferes with or obstructs the process of the Court in any way or disobeys any order of the Court;
    2. scandalizes the Court or otherwise does anything which tends to bring the Court or a Judge of the Court into hatred, ridicule or contempt;
    3. does anything which tends to prejudice the determination of a matter pending before the Court; or
    4. does any other thing which, by law, constitutes contempt of the Court.
  3. The exercise of the power conferred on a Court by this Article may be regulated by law and, subject to law, by rules made by the Court.

205.

  • The remuneration and other terms and conditions of service of a Judge of the Supreme Court or of a High Court shall be as provided in the Fifth Schedule.

[2]

206.

  1. A Judge of the Supreme Court or of a High Court may resign his office by writing under his hand addressed to the President.
    [3] (2) A Judge of a High Court who does not accept appointment as a Judge of the Supreme Court shall be deemed to have retired from his office and, on such retirement, shall be entitled to receive a pension calculated on the basis of the length of his service as Judge and total service, if any, in the service of Pakistan.

207.

  1. A Judge of the Supreme Court or of a High Court shall not,
    1. hold any other office of profit in the service of Pakistan if his remuneration is thereby increased; or
    2. occupy any other position carrying the right to remuneration for the rendering of services.
  2. A person who has held office as a Judge of the Supreme Court or of a High Court shall not hold any office of profit in the service of Pakistan, not being a judicial or quasi-judicial office or the office of Chief Election Commissioner or of Chairman or member of a law commission or of Chairman or member of the Council of Islamic Ideology, before the expiration of two years after he has ceased to hold that office.
  3. A person who has held office as a permanent Judge,
    1. of the Supreme Court, shall not plead or act in any Court or before any authority in Pakistan;
    2. of a High Court, shall not plead or act in any Court or before any authority within its jurisdiction; and
    3. of the High Court of West Pakistan as it existed immediately before the coming into force of the Province of West Pakistan (Dissolution) Order, 1970, shall not plead or act in any Court or before any authority within the jurisdiction of the principal seat of that High Court or, as the case may be, the Permanent Bench of that High Court to which he was assigned.

208.

  • The Supreme Court [4] and the Federal Shariat Court, with the approval of the President and a High Court, with the approval of the Governor concerned, may make rules providing for the appointment by the Court of officers and servants of the Court and for their terms and conditions of employment.

209.

  1. There shall be a Supreme Judicial Council of Pakistan, in this Chapter referred to as the Council.
  2. The Council shall consist of,
    1. the Chief Justice of Pakistan;
    2. the two next most senior Judges of the Supreme Court; and
    3. the two most senior Chief Justices of High Courts.

    Explanation:- For the purpose of this clause, the inter se seniority of the Chief Justices of the High Courts shall be determined with reference to their dates of appointment as Chief Justice otherwise than as acting Chief Justice, [5][othewise than as acting Chief Justice] and in case the dates of such appointment are the same, with reference to their dates of appointment as Judges of any of the High Courts.

  3. If at any time the Council is inquiring into the capacity or conduct of a Judge who is a member of the Council, or a member of the Council is absent or is unable to act due to illness or any other cause, then
    1. if such member is a Judge of the Supreme Court, the Judge of the Supreme Court who is next in seniority below the Judges referred to in paragraph (b) of clause (2), and
    2. if such member is the Chief Justice of a High Court; the Chief Justice of another High Court who is next in seniority amongst the Chief Justices of the remaining High Courts, shall act as a member of the Council in his place.
  4. If, upon any matter inquired into by the Council, there is a difference of opinion amongst its members, the opinion of the majority shall prevail, and the report of the Council to the President shall be expressed in terms of the view of the majority.
  5. If, on information received from the Council or from any other source, the President is of the opinion that a Judge of the Supreme Court or of a High Court,
    1. may be incapable of properly performing the duties of his office by reason of physical or mental incapacity; or
    2. may have been guilty of misconduct, the President shall direct the Council to inquire into the matter.
  6. If, after inquiring into the matter, the Council reports to the President that it is of the opinion,
    1. that the Judge is incapable of performing the duties of his office or has been guilty of misconduct, and
    2. that he should be removed from office, the President may remove the Judge from office.
  7. A Judge of the Supreme Court or of a High Court shall not be removed from office except as provided by this Article.
  8. The Council shall issue a code of conduct to be observed by Judges of the Supreme Court and of the High Courts.

210.

  1. For the purpose of inquiring into any matter, the Council shall have the same power as the Supreme Court has to issue directions or orders for securing the attendance of any person or the discovery or production of any document; and any such direction or order shall be enforceable as if it had been issued by the Supreme Court.
  2. The provisions of Article 204 shall apply to the Council as they apply to the Supreme Court and a High Court.

211.

  • The proceedings before the Council, its report to the President and the removal of a Judge under clause (6) of Article 209 shall not be called in question in any court.

212.

  1. Notwithstanding anything hereinbefore contained, the appropriate Legislature may by Act [6] provide for the establishment of one or more Administrative Courts or Tribunals to exercise exclusive jurisdiction in respect of
    1. matters relating to the terms and conditions of persons [7] who are or have been in the service of Pakistan, including disciplinary matters;
    2. matters relating to claims arising from tortious acts of Government, or any person in the service of Pakistan, or of any local or other authority empowered by law to levy any tax or cess and any servant of such authority acting in the discharge of his duties as such servant; or
    3. matters relating to the acquisition, administration and disposal of any property which is deemed to be enemy property under any law.
  2. Notwithstanding anything hereinbefore contained, where any Administrative Court or Tribunal is established under clause (1), no other court shall grant an injunction, make any order or entertain any proceedings in respect of any matter to which the jurisdiction of such Administrative Court or Tribunal extends [8] and all proceedings in respect of any such matter which may be pending before such other court immediately before the establishment of the Administrative Court or Tribunal [9] other than an appeal pending before the Supreme Court, shall abate on such establishment:
  3. Provided that the provisions of this clause shall not apply to an Administrative Court or Tribunal established under an Act of a Provincial Assembly unless, at the request of that Assembly made in the form of a resolution, [10] Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) by [11] law extends the provisions to such a Court or Tribunal.

  4. (3) An appeal to the Supreme Court from a judgment, decree, order or sentence of an Administrative Court or Tribunal shall lie only if the Supreme Court, being satisfied that the case involves a substantial question of law of public importance, grants leave to appeal.

212A.


Notes for Part VII, Chapter 4

  1. Substituted by P.O.No.14 of 1985, Art. 2 and Sch.
  2. Article 206 renumbered as clause (1) of that Article, by the Constitution (Fifth Amendment) Act, 1976 (62 of 1976), Section 14 (with effect from the September 13, 1976).
  3. New clause (2) added ibid.
  4. Inserted by P.O. No.5 of 1982, Art. 9.
  5. Inserted by the Constituion (First Amendment) Act, 1974 (33 of 1974), section 11, (with effect from the 4th May, 1974).
  6. Substituted and shall be deemed always to have been so substituted by the Constitution (First Amendment) Act, 1974 (33 of 1974), section 12, for “establish”
  7. Inserted and shall be deemed always to have been so inserted, ibid.
  8. Inserted and shall be deemed always to have been so inserted by the Constitution (FirstAmendment) Act, 1974 (33 of 1974), Section 12.
  9. Inserted and shall be deemed always to have been so inserted by the Constitution (Fifth Amendemtn) Act, 1976 (62 of 1976), section 15.
  10. Subs. by P.O. No. 14 of 1985, Art, 2 and Sch. for “Parliament”
  11. For such law, see the pvincial Serrvice Tribunals (Extension of Provisions of the Constitution ) Act, 1974 (32 of 1974).
  12. Article 212-A added by P.O. No.21 of 1979 Article 2 w.e.f. July 5, 1977 and omitted on December 30, 1985 vide S.R.O. NO.1278(I)/85, dated December 30, 1985 read with Proclamation of Withdrawal of Martial Law dated December 30, 1985, See Gazette of Pakistan, 1985 Extraodinary, Part I, dated December 30, 1985 pp. 431-432